Liberty and justice in practice

September 16th, 2014 by admin Categories: Governance, Opinion No Responses
Liberty and justice in practice

by Wan Saiful Wan Jan. First published by The Star 16 September 2014

Today is Malaysia Day. Malaysia was formed 51 years ago, bringing together Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore under one federation, as one country.

When Almarhum Tunku Abdul Rahman proclaimed the formation of Malaysia, he repeated the same words when Malaya was proclaimed as an independent country. He proudly announced that this nation was founded upon the two principles of liberty and justice.

Continue Reading

Share Button

Daya saing Malaysia, yang baik dan perlu diperbaiki

September 8th, 2014 by admin Categories: Economy & Trade, Opinion No Responses
Daya saing Malaysia, yang baik dan perlu diperbaiki

by Amin Ahmad. Diterbitkan di dalam The Malaysian Insider 8 September 2014

Pertama sekali, tahniah diucapkan kepada seluruh rakyat Malaysia kerana Forum Ekonomi Dunia (WEF) meletakkan Malaysia ke dalam kelompok 20 negara paling berdaya saing daripada sejumlah 144 buah negara yang dikajinya dalam Laporan Daya Saing Global 2014-2015.

Kedudukan Malaysia dilaporkan baik daripada sesetengah negara maju seperti Australia, Perancis serta Korea Selatan. Berbanding 28 buah negara Asia Pasifik, Malaysia berada di tempat ketujuh, di belakang antaranya negara Singapura, Jepun dan Hong Kong.

Continue Reading

Share Button

We stand with Dr. Azmi Sharom

September 5th, 2014 by admin Categories: Governance, Opinion No Responses
We stand with Dr. Azmi Sharom

We, the 300 undersigned academics and concerned individuals, stand united and in solidarity with Dr Azmi Sharom, whose only alleged ‘crime’ is to think and to publicly share his considered opinion on matters related to his professional expertise as a law professor.

Reportedly, all Dr Azmi did was to caution the Selangor Pakatan Rakyat to not resort to the Court of Appeal’s ‘landmark’ ruling of effecting a transition of government and Menteri Besar in the Perak case but to revert to the universally accepted convention of testing its support and its candidate for Menteri Besar in a vote of confidence in the state assembly. What is so seditious about that?

Charging Dr Azmi Sharom with ‘uttering and publishing a seditious statement’ only shows up the hypocrisy of this government. After all, does not this same government also employ Dr Azmi to teach students about our legal system, to undertake research, to study judicial pronouncements and to opine what constitutes justice within a democracy? Does it not defeat the very purpose of his work and indeed the work of thousands of other academics within a nationwide university system if he is to be summarily hauled up for merely doing his duty as an academic?

Charging Dr Azmi Sharom with ‘uttering and publishing a seditious statement’ for his informed views reveals the lack of respect this government has towards the universal principles of academic freedom and freedom of expression. By its actions, this government reveals it is led by politicians who are unable to appreciate civilised democratic values nurtured by enlightened universal education. Prime Minister Najib Razak’s on-going mantra of commitment towards academic excellence, democracy, government and economic transformation rings hollow.

We are of the view that, as long as one does not espouse violence or promote hate, there is no law in our modern world that can justify the criminalising of thought and public speech. Indeed, the colonial-era Sedition Act 1948 under which Dr Azmi is being charged only indicates a painful irony, namely after 57 years of Merdeka we remain shackled and oppressed by the very government that claims to have freed us from British colonial rule.

There is no place in a modern, progressive and democratic Malaysia for an archaic, backward and oppressive law that is the Sedition Act 1948. It is a repugnant law and must be repealed. It runs afoul of the fundamental liberties as enshrined in the federal constitution. It runs afoul of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. And it runs afoul of our nature as enlightened human beings with thinking minds.

Free Dr Azmi Sharom from this perversion of justice! Free Malaysia!

4 Sept 2014

Link: http://aliran.com/civil-society-voices/2014-civil-society-voices/stand-dr-azmi-sharom/

1 Andrew Aeria Academic Kuching
2 Lee Hwok Aun Academic Kuala Lumpur
3 Faisal Hazis Academic Kuching
4 Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid Academic Penang
5 Ahmad Fuad Rahmat Academic Shah Alam
6 Aishah Knight Academic Penang
7 Amanda Whiting Academic Melbourne, Australia
8 Aznijar Ahmad Yazid Academic & PKAUM Klang
9 Chai Ming Hock Academic Kuching
10 Chiew Thiam Kian Academic Kuala Lumpur
11 Chua Hang Kuen Academic Penang
12 Datin Dr. Sameem Abdul Kareem Academic Kuala Lumpur
13 Dato’ Chatar Singh Physicist & Academic /Retired Penang
14 Dato Dr Toh Kin Woon Research Fellow Penang
15 Dato Dr.Sharom Ahmat Academic/Retired Penang
16 Dr Ahmad Farouk Musa Academic Kuala Lumpur
17 Dr Jeff Tan Academic London
18 Dr Lai Suat Yan Academic & PKAUM Kuala Lumpur
19 Dr Lee King Siong Academic/Retired Kuala Lumpur
20 Dr Mavis Puthucheary Academic/Retired Kuala Lumpur
21 Dr Mohd Faizal Musa Academic Bangi
22 Dr Mustafa K Anuar Academic Penang
23 Dr Nur AfifahVanitha Abdullah Academic Kuching
24 Dr Ooi Kee Beng Academic Penang
25 Dr Subramaniam Pillay Academic Kuala Lumpur
26 Dr Tessa J. Houghton Academic Semenyih
27 Dr Wong Chin Huat Academic Penang
28 Dr. Bridget Welsh Senior Research Associate Kuala Lumpur/Taipei
29 Dr. Cecilia Ng Academic Penang
30 Dr. Corinne Hyde Academic Baton Rouge, USA
31 Dr. Khoo Gaik Cheng Academic Kuala Lumpur
32 Dr. Koo Yew Lie Academic Kuala Lumpur, UK & Australia
33 Dr. Lee Chai Peng Academic/Retired Petaling Jaya
34 Dr Lee Su Kim Academic/Retired Kuala Lumpur
35 Dr. Leong Yueh Kwong Ecologist Penang
36 Dr. Lim Mah Hui City Councillor Penang
37 Dr. Lim Teck Ghee Policy Researcher Kuala Lumpur
38 Dr. Lucy Bailey Academic Semenyih
39 Dr. Patricia Anne Martinez Academic Petaling Jaya
40 Dr. Rajeswari Kanniah Academic putrajaya
41 Dr. Rusaslina Idrus Academic Kuala Lumpur
42 Dr. Tan Liok Ee Academic/Retired Penang
43 Dr. John Whalen-Bridge Academic Singapore
44 Edmund Terence Gomez Academic Kuala Lumpur
45 FK Phang Academic Kuala Lumpur
46 Francis Loh Academic/Retired & Civil Society Activist Penang
47 Goy Siew Ching Academic Kuching
48 Gregore Pio Lopez Research Fellow Perth, Australia
49 Helen Ting Academic Kajang
50 Ho Sinn-Chye Academic Penang
51 Ivy Loo Academic Penang
52 James Chin Academic Kuala Lumpur
53 Jayaeswari Sangaralingam Academic Penang
54 Jenny Chew Saw Chin Academic Penang
55 Joanne Lim Academic Selangor
56 Jonathan JS Kovilpillai Academic Kuala Lumpur
57 K.Thiruchelvam Academic Petaling Jaya
58 Kam Suan Pheng Academic Penang
59 Kamal Salih Academic/Retired Kuala Lumpur
60 Kamal Solhaimi Fadzil Academic Kuala Lumpur
61 Khoo Ying Hooi Academic Kuala Lumpur
62 Kua Kia Soong Academic Kuala Lumpur
63 Law Tzuo Hann Academic Taiping
64 Lee Hock Guan Senior Research Fellow Singapore
65 Lim Hong Sheng Academic Johor Bahru/Oxford
66 Loh Kong Ken Academic Kuala Lumpur
67 Loh Wei Leng Academic Kuala Lumpur
68 Loo Hong Chuang Academic Kuala Lumpur
69 maimuna hamid merican Academic Kuala Lumpur
70 Mary Varghese Academic Petaling Jaya
71 Molly NN Lee Academic Penang
72 Ng Kah Chuan Academic Kuala Lumpur
73 Ng Mei Peng Academic Petaling Jaya
74 Ngo Sheau Shi Academic Penang
75 Ngu Ik Tien Academic Kuala Lumpur
76 Noraida Endut Academic Penang
77 Paul Lim Academic/Retired Taipei
78 Petra Gimbad Academic Kuala Lumpur
79 Phua Kai Lit Academic Shah Alam
80 Por Heong Hong Academic/Independent Researcher Kuala Lumpur
81 Por Lip Yee Academic & PKAUM Kuala Lumpur
82 Professor Abdul Rahman Embong Academic/Researcher Bangi
83 Professor William G. Tierney Academic Los Angeles, USA
84 Professor Andrew Harding Academic Singapore
85 Professor Khoo Boo Teik Academic Tokyo
86 Professor Maude E Phipps Academic Petaling Jaya
87 Professor Surichai Wungaeo Academic Bangkok
88 Rafidah Md. Noor Academic Kuala Lumpur
89 Raja Ariffin Raja Ghazilla Academic & PKAUM Kuala Lumpur
90 Richard Mason Academic Kuala Lumpur
91 Rokiah Alavi Academic Kuala Lumpur
92 Rom Nain Academic Selangor
93 Rosli H Mahat Academic & PKAUM Kuala Lumpur
94 Rosli Omar Academic/Retired Kuala Lumpur
95 Ruhana bt. Padzil Academic Kuala Lumpur
96 Santhiram Raman Academic Penang
97 Shamsul AB Social Anthropologist Seremban
98 Sharifah Muhairah Shahabudin Academic Petaling Jaya
99 Sharon A. Bong Academic Petaling Jaya
100 Sharon Kaur Academic Petaling Jaya
101 Soon Chuan Yean Academic Penang
102 Sue Khor Academic Penang
103 Sumit Mandal Independent Scholar Petaling Jaya
104 Suresh Narayanan Academic Penang
105 Tamir Moustafa Academic Burnaby, Canada
106 tan beng hui Academic Kuala Lumpur
107 Tan Ka Kheng Academic Kuala Lumpur
108 Tan Sooi Beng Academic Penang
109 Tan Sri Dato’ Emeritus Professor Gajaraj Dhanarajan Academic Penang
110 Thock Ker Pong Academic Kuala Lumpur.
111 Ting Su Hie Academic Kuching
112 Too Shaw Warn Academic Semenyih
113 VGR Chandran Govindaraju Academic Petaling Jaya
114 Wan Chang Da Academic Penang
115 Wan Manan Academic Kota Bharu
116 Wang Lay Kim Academic Penang
117 Wei Keong Too Academic Semenyih
118 Wong Mun Loong Academic Kajang
119 Wong Soak Koon Academic/Retired Kuala Lumpur
120 Yap Tuan Gee Academic & Medical Doctor Kuala Lumpur
121 Yeoh Seng Guan Academic Kuala Lumpur
122 Yuen Kok Leong Academic Kuching
123 Zabdi Zamrod Academic/Retired Penang
124 Zaidi Razak Academic & PKAUM Kuala Lumpur
125 Zawawi Ibrahim Academic Kuala Lumpur
126 Aerleen Justim Concerned Citizen Petaling Jaya
127 Ahmed Bin Chee Engineer Penang
128 Aidan Yang Concerned Citizen/Retired Petaling Jaya
129 Alex Heng Bank Manager/Retired Penang
130 Al-Mustaqeem M Radhi Writer Kuala Lumpur
131 Altaf Deviyati Ismail Researcher Penang
132 Ambiga Sreenevasan Lawyer Kuala Lumpur
133 Anas Alam Faizli Project Management Professional Kuala Lumpur
134 Ang Hiok Gai Educator Petaling Jaya
135 Angela Tan PR Consultant Kuala Lumpur
136 Angeline Loh Writer Penang
137 Angie Santhanam Teacher Kuala Lumpur
138 Anil Netto Freelance Writer Penang
139 Anna Har Mei Yoke Filmmaker and Producer Kuala Lumpur
140 Anne Lasimbang Social/Community Activist Kota Kinabalu
141 Annette Vijiarungam Web Administrator Kuala Lumpur
142 Annie Lim Administrator Penang
143 Anwar Fazal Social Activist/Concerned Citizen Penang
144 Basil Fernando Attorney At Law Sri Lanka
145 Ben Rethual Concerned Citizen Kuala Lumpur
146 BK Ong Social Activist Kota Kinabalu
147 Boon Kia Meng PhD Candidate Kyoto, Japan
148 C.L.Chan Concerned Citizen/Retired Kuala Lumpur
149 Charles Hector Lawyer, Human Rights Defender and Writer Temerloh
150 Chi Too Artist Kuala Lumpur
151 Chia Che Hieng Engineer Singapore
152 Chin Khuan Sui Teacher Penang
153 Chitra Alagan Manager Penang
154 Chok Pit Yuen Secretary Kuala Lumpur
155 Chong Wui Howe Business Analysis Manager Ipoh
156 Chow Chee Keong Principal Penang
157 Chua Ai Ling Advocate & Solicitor Penang.
158 Chua Sieh Mann Lawyer Petaling Jaya
159 Chua Tee Tee Educator Petaling Jaya
160 Chung Tack Soon Marketing Manager Kuala Lumpur
161 Clare Rewcastle Brown Journalist London
162 Colin Kirton Artist Subang Jaya
163 Colin Nicholas Indigenous Rights’ Activist/ Researcher Petaling Jaya
164 Daniel John Jambun Civil Society Activist Kota Kinabalu
165 Daniel Soon Social Care Giver Penang
166 Datin Fakhitah Mohd. Darus Welfare Officer/Retired Penang
167 Dato VL Kandan Lawyer Kuala Lumpur
168 Dato’ Thasleem Mohamed Ibrahim Entrepreneur & Civil Society Activist Kuala Lumpur
169 Dorathy Benjamin Civil Society Activist Subang Jaya
170 Dr SP Choong Medical Doctor Penang
171 Dr Yolanda Augustin Medical Doctor London
172 Dr. Beth Baikan Environmental Consultant Kota Kinabalu
173 Dr. Carol Yong Independent Consultant & Researcher Kuala Lumpur
174 Dr. Regina Lim Legal Researcher Kota Kinabalu
175 Dr. Thomas Mason Consultant Kuching
176 Edda de Silva Publisher/Retired Kuala Lumpur
177 Engku Kamanurrull Zahara Bt Engku Kamarudin, Legal Assistant Kuala Lumpur
178 Esther Gauri Project Manager Kuala Lumpur
179 Esther Yew Sales & Marketing Kuala Lumpur
180 Evelyn Tang Administrator Penang
181 Farida Jivamala binti Md Ibrahim Teacher Petaling Jaya
182 Gebril Atong Indigenous Peoples’ Activist Miri
183 Geh Cheng Lok Advocate & Solicitor Penang
184 Gerard F. Robless Concerned Citizen/Retired Penang
185 Gurdip Singh, Concerned Citizen/Retired Ipoh
186 Haris Ibrahim Activist Kuala Lumpur
187 Harrison Ngau Laing Lawyer Miri
188 Ho Yock Lin Social Activist Kuala Lumpur
189 Honey Tan Human Rights Activist Kuala Lumpur
190 Ibrahim Suffian Researcher Bangi
191 Ineke Roskam Nurse Petaling Jaya
192 Ir. Lam Kar Keong Engineer Kuala Lumpur
193 Ir. Lim Thean Heng Engineer Penang
194 Ir. Tan Keng Tong Engineer Penang
195 J Hoon Lawyer Penang
196 Jacqueline Ann Surin Journalist & Editor Selangor
197 Janarthani, A. Social Activist Penang
198 Janet Pillai Independent Researcher Kuala Lumpur
199 Jayanath Appudurai Concerned Citizen/Retired Kuala Lumpur
200 Jeffrey Wei Concerned Citizen/Retired Kuching
201 Jerald Joseph Human Rights Trainer Kuala Lumpur
202 Joan Shori Economist Penang
203 Joe Sidek Festival Director Penang
204 John Kim Lean Hwa Social Worker/Retired Penang
205 Jonson K.W. Chong Educator Petaling Jaya
206 Josef Benedict Campaigner Petaling Jaya
207 Josephine Ho Secretary Klang
208 Josie Fernandez Civil Society Activist Kuala Lumpur
209 Jude Manickam Technician Bukit Mertajam
210 Julie Wong Community Organiser/Facilitator Kuala Lumpur
211 Julitah Palalun Lawyer Kuala Lumpur
212 Kavitha Rajan Lawyer Singapore
213 Khoo Salma Nasution Editor Penang
214 KJ John Columnist/Civil Activist Petaling Jaya
215 Lau Chee Boon Entrepreneur & Civil Society Activist Seremban
216 Lee Cheng Tue Engineer Petaling Jaya
217 Lee Chin Chuah Teacher/Retired Kuala Lumpur
218 Lee Kiong Hock Concerned Senior Citizen Washington DC
219 Lee Soo Wei Social Activist Kajang
220 Lee Soon Ching Teacher & School Principal /Retired; Writer Ipoh
221 Lena Hendry Social activist Kuala Lumpur
222 Leong Yew Kee Concerned Citizen/Retired Ipoh
223 Lim Kah Cheng Company Director/Lawyer
/Retired
Penang
224 Lim Kai Shen Teaching Assistant Petaling Jaya
225 Lim Poh Yan Concerned Citizen Petaling Jaya
226 Loh Cheng Kooi Civil Society Activist & Executive Director Penang
227 Loo Ah Hooi Investor Ipoh
228 Low Ai Yun Concerned Citizen/Retired Petaling Jaya
229 Low Siak Kheang, Concerned Citizen/Retired Penang
230 Lucia Lai Admin Clerk Penang
231 M Shanmughalingam Managing Director Kuala Lumpur
232 M. Nadarajah Consultant Penang
233 M.Jaya Gobi Consultant Petaling Jaya
234 M.Sujata Lawyer Petaling Jaya
235 Magdalene Tang Geologist Kuala Lumpur
236 Mark Bujang Indigenous Peoples’ Activist Miri
237 Michael Quah Teacher /Retired Penang
238 Mohamed Kamar Managing Director/Retired and Environmentalist Petaling Jaya
239 Nicholas Chan Researcher Penang
240 Nicholas Mujah ak Ason Indigenous Peoples’ Activist Kuching
241 Nimai Bhattacharjee Financial Consultant Ipoh
242 Noor Mahnun Mohamed Artist Kuala Lumpur
243 Noraini Dhiauddin Concerned Citizen/Student Bangi
244 Noreen Ariff Legal Counsel Johor Bahru
245 Noriah bt Abdullah Teacher/Retired Penang
246 P.Ramakrishnan Teacher/Retired & Civil Society Activist Penang
247 Pan Choi Yen General Manager Petaling Jaya
248 Peter John Radio Journalist/Social Activist Kuching
249 PY Wong Social Activist Kuala Lumpur
250 R. Mageswaran Lawyer Petaling Jaya
251 Ragahavan A/L Annamalai Entrepreneur & Civil Society Activist Kuala Lumpur
252 Ramesan Navaratnarajah Consultant Gynaecologist Petaling Jaya
253 Ramon Navaratnam Civil Servant/Retired & Author Bangsar
254 Rayner Sylvester Yeo Civil Society Activist/Writer Kuala Lumpur
255 Robert Cheong Eng Tick Concerned Citizen/Retired Kuala Lumpur
256 Robert Foo Wealth Management Consultant Kuala Lumpur
257 S. Arutchelvan Social Activist Kuala Lumpur
258 Santalia Deane-Johns Student Sydney
259 Sarah Karmila Benedict Lawyer Kuala Lumpur
260 Sarajun Hoda Entrepreneur & Civil Society Activist Port Klang
261 Satish Chand Bhandari Federal Inspector Of Schools, Ministry of Education/Retired Penang
262 Selvaratnam Saba Concerned Citizen/Pensioner Kluang
263 Sharaad Kuttan Journalist Petaling Jaya
264 Sharifuddin Abdul Latiff Freelance Media Specialist Kuala Lumpur
265 Sheila Pakiam Counsellor Penang
266 Siah Sy Jen Lawyer Kuching
267 Sivin Kit Doctoral Researcher Kristiansand
268 SK Tio Concerned Citizen/Retired Penang
269 Sophie Marie Helene Chao Environmentalist Jakarta
270 Susanna George Organisational Consultant Petaling Jaya
271 Suzanne Tan Gaik Leng Decorative Painter Kuala Lumpur
272 Syerleena Abdul Rashid Social Activist Penang
273 T.S. Gill Consultant Engineer Petaling Jaya
274 Tan Gaik Hoon Accountant Petaling Jaya
275 Tan Hwang-Ee Lawyer Penang
276 Tan Keat Chooi Executive Secretary Penang
277 Tan Paik Sim Concerned Citizen Ipoh
278 Tan Pek Leng Researcher Penang
279 Tan Pong Soo Entrepreneur & Civil Society Activist Kuala Lumpur
280 Tan Seng Keat Researcher Bangi
281 Tan Yew Sing Entrepreneur & Civil Society Activist Kuala Lumpur
282 Tengku Idaura Concerned Citizen/Retired Penang
283 Teo Ann Siang Social Activist Kuala Lumpur
284 Terry Ch’ng Hwa Lian, Concerned Citizen/Pensioner Alor Setar
285 Thomas Jalong Indigenous Peoples’ Activist Miri
286 TK Fong Concerned Citizen Kuala Lumpur
287 Tricia Yeoh Public Policy Analyst Kuala Lumpur
288 Vicky Chan Webmaster Petaling Jaya
289 Vijaye Jayanath Engineer Kuala Lumpur
290 Wan Saiful Wan Jan Researcher Kuala Lumpur
291 Wong Hoy Cheong Researcher Petaling Jaya
292 Wong Siew Lyn Freelance Writer Petaling Jaya
293 Yap Swee Seng Social Activist Petaling Jaya.
294 Yee Lai Wan Researcher/Retired Penang
295 Yew Wei Lit PhD Candidate Hong Kong
296 Yin Shao Loong Researcher Kuala Lumpur
297 Yoong Chew Hing Teacher/Retired Kuala Lumpur
298 Yow Chee Keong Software Engineer Sydney
299 Yow Lee Fung Education Activist Kuala Lumpur
300 Zaid Kamaruddin Civil Society Activist Kuala Lumpur
Share Button

Making Voluntarism Legal

September 4th, 2014 by admin Categories: Opinion No Responses
Making Voluntarism Legal

by Tricia Yeoh. First published in The Sun Daily Online 4 September 2014

I spent the Merdeka weekend writing a paper on the choppy relationship between the Barisan Nasional-led federal and Pakatan
Rakyat-led state governments. In it, I traced the brief history since 2008 of the many instances in which the federal and opposition state governments of Penang and Selangor clashed over competing interests and contested areas of jurisdiction.

It was rather apt, then, that 157 members of the Voluntary Patrol Unit (PPS, or the Pasukan Peronda Sukarela), a voluntary organisation set up by the Penang state government, were arrested on Sunday after having participated in a Merdeka march-past event.

The PPS itself was set up in 2011, with the objective of community patrolling to increase security measures in Penang, and boasts a membership size of 10,000 at present. The government’s decision to arrest these members, including its chairperson (who also happens to be a Penang state exco member), is based on the claim that the PPS is an illegal organisation as it is not registered with the Registrar of Societies (ROS). The irony is that their patrols actually have police involvement, and it is the police that signs off their patrol logbooks.

Although the government may be playing strictly to the letter of the law, this is a slippery slope along which one may easily fall. What this precedence sets is this: that any organisation not registered with the ROS could very easily be hauled up if it ruffles the feathers of the powers that be.

Again, strictly speaking, it is true that according to the constitution, law enforcement falls under the jurisdiction of the federal government. The ninth schedule, which lays out the responsibilities of the different layers of government, explicitly states that all matters of internal security, including police and public order, are to be carried out by the federal government.

Despite the law being what it is, it can be argued that Penang’s move of setting up its own organisation is in fact an attempt to restore community-based voluntarism. This is akin to the spirit of semangat kejiranan (neighbourliness) that government campaigns have often tried to instill in us, and equivalent to the use of Rukun Tetangga (neighbourhood groups) within residential areas as a way to combat increasing crime.

The PPS is, after all, an unarmed group made up of Penang’s own residents, whose main activities consist of directing traffic, assisting the public in times of disaster and to patrol the streets as a preventive measure against crime. They carry walkie-talkies, not weapons. In fact, functions such as arrests and levying charges against criminals would still be left very much to the domain of the police and judiciary, both institutions under the federal government’s watch.

The federal government does have a similar though not exact entity, The People Volunteer Corps (RELA), which is legally registered with the Ministry of Home Affairs. If the Penang government were to have requested for its PPS to be legally and officially registered, would the Ministry of Home Affairs have granted approval for its set up?

In the past when both the Selangor and Penang Pakatan state governments made written requests to the federal police to allow them to set up auxiliary police forces under the Petaling Jaya Municipal Council (MBPJ) and the Penang City Council (MPPP), this was categorically denied. Despite this, MBPJ did set up a small outfit with only 20 auxiliary policemen, but their powers were only restricted to guarding council buildings. Given these constraints, Selangor has had to resort to only meagre measures like funding CCTVs on streets, or providing additional streetlights in dark corners, to contribute to safety measures for its own residents.

The federal government exercises a highly centralised system of administration. The problem with this is it does not allow for organic mobilisation of existing resources to solve a public problem. The same could apply for any number of public services, such as public transport, commerce and industry, and education, all of which should only be managed by the federal government, if one were to follow the constitution strictly. Should the federal government therefore, by the same argument, arrest members of the Selangor and Penang Transport Councils, or shut down Universiti Selangor (a state-linked university)?

Clamping down on grassroots-formed organisations not only leaves very little room for both local and state governments to participate in local democracy, but it also does not respect the freedom of association – as guaranteed by Article 10 of the federal constitution – for individuals to choose to set up or be part of a non-formal entity. We encourage citizens to be part of non-governmental organisations to play a certain public service to the country, but yet trample on these intentions when they do participate. It is clear that there are political innuendos behind this recent incident.

Although Merdeka Day was anything but celebratory, there is still Malaysia Day to look forward to, during which Malaysians ought to recall the spirit of federalism under which this nation was formed. It is at this time that we respect the various states of Malaysia that form our federation, and perhaps even respect their ability to govern in the way they were voted in to do.

- – -

Tricia Yeoh is the COO of IDEAS

Share Button

It’s time to walk the talk

September 2nd, 2014 by admin Categories: Governance, Opinion No Responses
It’s time to walk the talk

by Wan Saiful Wan Jan. First published in The Star 2 September 2014

There seems to be a huge disconnect between what is being said by those in power and what they actually do.

THE official line is that the Merdeka celebration on Sunday was a great success. Malaysians from all walks of life gathered at Dataran Merdeka and various other places across the country to celebrate the auspicious day.

Continue Reading

Share Button

Benarkan Uber beroperasi

August 25th, 2014 by admin Categories: Economy & Trade, Opinion No Responses
Benarkan Uber beroperasi

oleh Amin Ahmad. Diterbitkan di dalam The Malaysian Insider 25 Ogos 2014

Isteri saya memperkenalkan Uber selepas ramai rakan-rakan di pejabatnya menggunakan perkhidmatan tersebut. Kemudian, saya sempat memuat turun aplikasi Uber untuk melihat apakah yang menarik mengenainya.

Berdasarkan aplikasinya, saya fikir tidak banyak perbezaan berbanding MyTeksi. Kedua-duanya sangat baik kerana memberikan maklumat penting untuk pengguna. Sebelum kedua–dua aplikasi ini wujud, kita seringkali mendengar banyak rungutan mengenai pemandu teksi yang tidak mahu menggunakan meter dan menipu dalam mengenakan caj kepada pengguna.

Continue Reading

Share Button

Shedding lights on public procurement

August 20th, 2014 by admin Categories: Economy & Trade, Governance, Opinion No Responses
Shedding lights on public procurement

by Tricia Yeoh. First published in The Sun Daily 20 August 2014

ONE of the many criticisms against the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) that Malaysia is negotiating to sign alongside 11 other countries throughout the Asia-Pacific region is that procurement by government and state-owned enterprises (SOEs) would be opened up to foreign companies.

This has raised ire among local firms that fear their bread and butter contracts were being taken away, since foreign companies would be allowed to bid on similar terms as locals for goods, services and projects.

This is especially so given that government procurement formed an estimated RM1 trillion worth of projects in 2013, which makes up 23% of that year’s GDP. Naturally, it is a significant market size within which greater competition would affect the inefficient, and therefore weaker, players.

The government has responded by saying that it is negotiating for greater carve-outs, namely that Malaysia has carved out build-operate-transfer projects from its scope of commitments in the TPPA, although the threshold for construction services has not yet been determined. In fact, the government’s position is that certain areas of interest to the bumiputra business community and small and medium enterprises, as well as certain domestic operations of SOEs have been excluded.

While it is understandable that there are fears that local companies will no longer receive government assistance through national treatment, procurement is in fact one of the areas in which the TPPA could possibly bring about greater openness, transparency and competitiveness in the way our government handles its public procurement system. In short, value for money as a principle by which the administration handles its contracts.

Of course, the country need not necessarily sign the TPPA just to ensure its procurement is better managed, but the reality is that reforming government procurement is a long and arduous task. Without external factors, one would have to depend entirely on internal political will to push through change, and trends have shown this is a tough nut to crack.

A series of policy papers that our organisation IDEAS has published throughout the year on promoting transparency in public procurement provides several proposals on how reform can be pushed through, with or without the TPPA. And it was shown that by implementing a transparent public procurement system, the government could save up to RM4.5 billion a year, assuming that 50% of current public procurement is in fact non-transparent in nature.

Some of the recommendations include improving the procurement process itself to improve transparency and accountability, for example including evaluation criteria and weightage within tender documents, which is currently not the case.

We also recommended that preferences given to bumiputras should always be stated in the tender documents, even if the weightage is zero. Under the TPPA, the government has said there should be carve-outs for the bumiputra community, and although preferential treatment based on ethnicity does not help national development in the long run, perhaps a phasing out period over a fixed number of years would be ideal.

Having independent observers sit in to attend bidding evaluation meetings may seem unusual, but this would actually allow for more independent monitoring of how contracts are awarded.

The Ministry of Finance has responded positively to calls for greater openness in recent months, for instance publishing directly negotiated contracts on its website, MyProcurement, but to date there are only 64 contracts listed, and several details are still left out, making it difficult for the public to track. The awards themselves should be accompanied by publishing the criteria for choosing successful bidders and whether or not this would be further sub-contracted.

One might argue that the annual Auditor-General’s Report already reveals a host of compromised deals made by ministries, many of which centre on problematic procurement, but which have not led to any prosecution. Indeed, stronger investigative processes and punitive action should be carried out. Individuals making compromised contracting decisions must be held responsible for their misdeeds.

A rather ironic situation is that although our public administration was one of the first in the world to embrace online platforms, today it lies in an alphabet soup of sorts. Just for public procurement alone, there exist five procurement portals managed by different ministries (ePerolehan, MyProcurement, Government Information Procurement System, ePerunding and National e-Tendering Initiative). Much effort would be needed to consolidate these into one central platform.

Surely this would make it easier for government officers, suppliers and the public, to keep track of contracts.

So whether or not the TPPA is implemented, there are steps that the government can immediately take to assure the public of its commitment to greater transparency to make its procurement systems more productive. Of course, signing the TPPA may speed up this process, but this would come with a host of other challenges that are not discussed in this article.

Although there have been briefings by the government on the TPPA status, the information could still be more forthcoming. For instance, although they have said that state and local governments will not be subject to government procurement rules, the exact thresholds – which are, understandably, still under negotiation – at the federal level have not been specified.

There has been much public disquiet about the TPPA namely because many stakeholders (the most affected parties like farmers, manufacturers of generic medicines and so on) likely feel that information from the government has only been general at best. Perhaps the ministry concerned could produce policy factsheets that demonstrate the magnitude and scale of how each interest group would be affected. Until then, the arguments for and against the TPPA will continue to take place in a vacuum, with asymmetric information.

Tricia Yeoh is the chief operating officer of IDEAS

Share Button

Learn from PAS

August 19th, 2014 by admin Categories: Governance, Opinion No Responses
Learn from PAS

by Wan Saiful Wan Jan. First published  as “Learn from the dynamics in PAS “in The Star 19 August 2014

Last Sunday evening, I attended an event where the PAS “poster boys” once again tried to convince the public that their party can be trusted despite what happened in the Selangor MB crisis.

The speakers were Shah Alam MP Khalid Samad, PAS central committee member Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad, and PAS Youth Chief Suhaizan Kayat.

Continue Reading

Share Button

A youthful vision of ASEAN

August 15th, 2014 by admin Categories: Governance, Opinion No Responses
A youthful vision of ASEAN

by Tunku ‘Abidin Muhriz. First published by the Borneo Post Online 15 August 2014

AMIDST the asinine squalor of domestic politics centred on egos, greed, broken promises, claims of disloyalty and presumptuous attempts to reconcile interpretations of “what the voters actually want” with the manner in which the state constitution actually endows legitimacy, shafts of optimistic light have, thankfully, managed to shine through this post-Raya period.

August always features a high density of student events as organisers take advantage of overlapping holidays for students from local and foreign universities, but this year I haven’t been able to say yes to as many speaking invitations as I would like.

So far I’ve done a book sharing session for ‘Roaming Beyond the Fence’ at the remarkable Popular Book Fest (where I was nominated for the Readers’ Choice Award but gladly lost to Tim Donoghue’s ‘The Tiger of Jelutong’), and then co-judged a group of pre-university students at the LSE Malaysia Club’s inaugural Economic Leadership Forum.

But so far the most engaging session has been at UKM, where Professor Datuk Saran Kaur Gill, executive director of the Asean Youth Volunteer-Leaders Secretariat and a deputy vice-chancellor, invited me to speak about the role of Asean civil society — a topic which I had spoken about some months to a group of mostly Malaysian civil servants (see ‘Strengthen civil society in Asean’, Conservatively Speaking Freely, April 14, 2014 in The Borneo Post). This time, at this second Asean Youth Volunteer Programme, the audience was 50 youth volunteers, selected competitively from 1,400 applicants from across all 10 member countries.

This fact alone suggested that these youths were genuinely committed to Asean, unlike many politicians sent on conferences across the region to pay lip service to an entity that they have no motivation in actually promoting. I told the 18- to 30-year-olds that no community can be forced into being: leaders cannot simply tell 600 million people of diverse national, cultural, religious or ethnic backgrounds that they are now part of a community and expect them to embrace it (particularly when some of these leaders promote or tolerate division in their own countries if it suits their political survival).

Rather, the successful realisation of an Asean community depends on a cohesive Asean civil society that concerns itself with issues across the region. Unfortunately, the differing levels of democratic health across the 10 countries means that for now, civil society flourishes in certain places and is stifled in others: indeed, official Asean events with civil society have seen the farcical inclusion of only ‘government-sponsored NGOs’ — a despicable contradiction in terms.

Last year the programme’s theme was protecting Asean’s environment, and this year it is on Asean’s heritage: worthy causes, for sure — and since they’re going to Melaka I pointed out that democratic principles such as rule of law and separation of powers as well as free movement of capital, goods and labour as espoused by the Asean Economic Community are nothing new, and a far cry from being alien concepts that are incompatible with our cultural traditions.

However, if we want to forge something that can truly be called ‘Asean civil society’, rather than just an amalgam of unequal civil society landscapes across the region, then democratic institutions need to be strengthened everywhere, and I hope the organisers fully dedicate a future edition to this theme. Encouragingly, the representatives from Vietnam and Myanmar agreed with me, and then the Indonesians and Filipinos in the group, shyly at first but quickly more confidently, alluded to the complementary features of strong democracy that I had mentioned in my speech — decentralisation (via the example of the rise of President-Elect Jokowi), limiting executive authority, the importance of a truly private (instead of a crony-capitalist) sector — and how they too wanted to ensure these things were protected. The CLMV participants seemed comforted to share in similar challenges.

Towards the end one lady wondered whether national sovereignty should be obsolete in a future Asean: I asked her to consider why you would want to transfer sovereignty when the risks are so high. For the foreseeable future, our nation states are more likely better protectors of individual rights and freedoms than a hypothetical superstate, and the idea of centralising decision-making power should only be revisited once there is more democratic parity in the region.

Egotistical and greedy politicians like to cause chaos when the prize is substantial power and resources: imagine the power and resources a hypothetical Asean President or Prime Minister (that constitutional question would be a headache in itself) would have. And imagine the chaos, when the tussle over the leadership of a single state in one of Asean’s comparatively better democracies is chaotic enough.

- – -

Tunku Abidin Muhriz is president of IDEAS.

Image credit: inewmedia.org

Share Button

Increasing our common wealth

August 8th, 2014 by admin Categories: Opinion, Other No Responses
Increasing our common wealth

by Tunku ‘Abidin Muhriz. First published in The Malay Mail 8 August 2014

Every so often diplomats and scholars ask the question: is the Commonwealth of Nations relevant? Critics denounce its lack of teeth to enforce decisions and its imperial origins, while supporters praise the organisation’s commitment to democracy and its voluntary nature. But its greatest advertisement happens every four years: the Commonwealth Games gives smaller countries a chance to shine in an international spotlight, and provides cities that are not yet ready to host the Olympics (and not rich enough to buy other prestigious events) an opportunity to have some of the world’s best athletes in town.

This year in Glasgow, Malaysia was prominent from the start. There was a moment of silence in memory of MH17 before the Queen’s Baton arrived. The President of the Commonwealth Games Federation, Prince Imran – the first Malaysian to hold that position – did a “great comedy act” (his own words) when the vessel containing the Head of the Commonwealth’s speech briefly refused to open, prompting Scottish cyclist Sir Chris Hoy’s equally amusing intervention.

Tunku Imran, who holds the Negeri Sembilan title of Tunku Muda Serting, has contributed enormously to Malaysian sporting life over the years – particularly in squash where he served as the first secretary of the Squash Racquets Association of Malaysia (to which I was recently elected as a committee member). His father Tuanku Ja’afar hosted Queen Elizabeth II in Kuala Lumpur in 1998 – the footage of the closing ceremony is on YouTube, complete with the embarrassing quick-march version of Negaraku then in use performed after the majestic God Save the Queen.

During the Parade of Nations, the Malaysian contingent was led by athletes wearing Malaysia Airlines uniforms while the rest of the team wore black armbands, and cyclist Fatehah Mustapa carried the Jalur Gemilang at half-mast. This was apparently not permitted by the organisers, but no one was going to criticise this gesture of respect: indeed, we had the support of the Commonwealth family that day. Alas, that warmth was dented by reports of certain Malaysian politicians condemning the use of Scottie dogs to display the names of the countries. Politicians in the other eight OIC countries also in the Commonwealth were apparently not so incensed.

Then, of course, were the sports themselves. There were triumphs and disappointments that the sports pages documented, in contrast to the shenanigans that dominated the front pages – the former Deputy Prime Minister in the spotlight during the 1998 Games was a main news item during the 2014 Games too. Thankfully, the power of sport to unite Malaysians is ever stronger, perhaps because public confidence in other national institutions has ebbed.

Unfortunately, we were one shy of our target of seven gold medals, being beaten by Singapore (with eight) for the first time, although most of these came courtesy of their controversial Foreign Sports Talent Scheme. Together with seven silver and six bronze medals, we garnered a total of 19 medals. This is a marked drop from performances since 1998. Then, we achieved an unprecedented 35 medals, followed by 34 in Manchester, 29 in Melbourne and 36 in Delhi. (These figures are from the Commonwealth Games Federation website: there is inconsistency across other sources.)

We can try and console ourselves that on a medal per capita basis, we are not terrible – roughly 1.5 million people per medal compared to India’s 20 million people per medal – but well behind Australia’s 170,000 people per medal. Such statistical fossicking does not change the fact that we have much to do to improve our performance, though.

Many theories have been put forward to explain why we’re not doing better: a lack of grassroots development, insufficient funding, politicisation and corruption of sports associations, and underdevelopment of coaches. The truth is likely to be a combination of all those things in varying degrees, with particular amendments for certain sports: in some cases, like hockey, we were once a force to be reckoned with, but our team was trounced in Glasgow – enthusiasts tell me we have never recovered since the switch to artificial turf in the seventies. In other cases, like badminton and squash, there is concern that there may be no successors to our current stars. Then there were those wins by Mohd Hafifi Mansor in weightlifting and Ooi Tze Liang in diving, and hopefully such success can be built upon.

For squash, at least, the grassroots programme is delivering results and uncovering tremendous raw talent. The weakest link now is the lack of elite coaches, and it’s one of SRAM’s current key objectives to address this by enhancing the resources available. The goal is to ensure a good number of Malaysians in the global top twenty: for while it’s impossible to guarantee another legend like Nicol David, with a strong overall squad, we can increase the probability.

Tunku ‘Abidin Muhriz is President of IDEAS

Image credit: NST.com.my

Share Button